Bioplastics are defined as bio-based, biodegradable, or both materials that have good biodegradability and can be used to assist solve environmental issues. Furthermore, bioplastics are polymers that can be degraded into CO2, H2O, inorganic chemicals, or bio-mass, primarily through microorganisms’ enzymatic activity. The phrase “bio-based” actually refers to things created from biological material derived from biomass.
Why Bioplastic is used:
The potential of bioplastics to reduce a product’s environmental impact is their key benefit and advantage.
- Emissions of greenhouse gases are being reduced.
- Using fewer fossil fuels
- Use of a local resource is a possibility.
- By-products are reclaimed.
Bioplastics, in general, help to reduce the environmental effect of products in two ways:
- Monomer manufacture with renewable resources minimizes the usage of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions.
- Their biodegradable nature provides an extra choice for the items’ end-of-life, allowing for a reduction in waste material.
Advantages of Bioplastics:
- Bioplastic is also less harmful than standard plastics since it does not include bisphenol A (BPA), a hormone disrupter commonly present in them.
- Reduced usage of fossil fuels,
- lower carbon footprint, and
- faster decomposition
Applications of Bioplastics:
- Food Service: Bioplastics are utilized in applications such as thermoformed coffee cup lids, injection-molded disposable flatware and plates, and food containers of all shapes and sizes to assist reduce waste’s environmental impact.
- Bioplastic Packaging: Compost bags, agricultural foils, horticultural products, nursery products, toys, and textiles are all examples of bioplastic packaging. Disposable cups, salad bowls, plates, clingfilm, and food containers are also frequently used.
- Medical: Medical practitioners are increasingly using nontoxic biodegradable bioplastic sutures, sometimes known as stitches, in hospitals and operations. They’re simple to sterilize, durable, and stay in place until the tissue heals, at which point they’re destroyed by the body, leaving no visible scars.