E-waste Management PPT: Definition, Examples, Solution
Introduction to e- waste management:
Many valuable, recoverable elements are found in e-waste, including aluminum, copper, gold, silver, polymers, and ferrous metals. Electronic equipment can be reconditioned, reused, and recycled to preserve natural resources and the energy required to manufacture new electronic equipment from virgin materials. Instead of being disposed of in a landfill, waste can be recycled. Toxic and hazardous materials found in e-waste include mercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium, beryllium, and chromium. Chemical flame retardants, such as chromium, have the potential to seep into our land and water.
Definition of E-waste management?
Electronic garbage, often known as e-waste, refers to wasted electrical or electronic gadgets. E-waste includes used electronics that are meant for repair, reuse, resale, salvage recycling by resource recovery, or destruction. Informal e-waste processing in poor countries can harm human health and pollute the environment.
Common E-waste Examples:
- Refrigerators, freezers, and other types of cooling equipment
- Computers and telecoms gear
- Solar panels and consumer electronics
- Televisions, monitors, and screens
- LED light bulbs
- Machines for sale
- LCD desktop monitors, LCD televisions, Plasma televisions, TVs, and laptops with Cathode Ray Tubes are among the most frequent hazardous electronic items.
Solution of E-waste
To manage e-waste, several tools such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Material Flow Analysis (MFA), Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA), and Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) have been developed, particularly in industrialized countries.
The key to e-waste management success is to develop eco-design devices, collect e-waste properly, recover and recycle material using safe methods, dispose of e-waste using appropriate techniques, prohibit the handover of used electronic equipment to developing nations, and raise awareness of the consequences of e-waste.
No single tool is sufficient, but they can work together to tackle this problem. In order to address the growing e-waste problem, a nationwide program such as EPR is a smart approach.